Hangzhou is a modern city in a classic Chinese setting. The city hums with activities and an endless flow of traffic, signs of its place in the 21st century, while the beautiful West Lake lies peacefully at the heart of all the commotion, soothing the senses.
In eastern China, Hangzhou is the capital of Zhejiang Province and one of the seven capitals of ancient China. The city is also the southern end of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal, the longest canal ever built in the world. Find out more about the city’s history which dates back 5,000 years, or immerse yourself in the cultural heritage by sitting back and relaxing with a cup of exquisite West Lake Longjing Tea.
Hangzhou's climate is humid subtropical with four distinctive seasons. The mean annual temperature is 16.5 °C (61.7 °F), with monthly daily averages ranging from 4.3 °C (39.7 °F) in January to 28.4 °C (83.1 °F) in July. The city receives an average annual rainfall of 1,450 millimeters (57.1 in).
BIRD VIEW OF WEST LAKE
West Lake came from a shallow bay in ancient times where the Qiantang River ran into the sea. It was formerly named Wulin Waters, Golden Buffalo Lake, Qiantang Lake and Xizi Lake. Because it lies in the west of Hangzhou, it was later named the West Lake.
The lake covers an area of 6.38km2, with an average depth of 2.27m and the deepest point being 5m. It has mountains on three sides and the city on the other side. The lake and mountains are magnificent.
Centered in West Lake, the West Lake Scenic Area is a national scenic area with a total area of 59 km2. There are over 60 cultural relic sites and over 100 attractions. Among them, the most classic is the Ten Scenes and the New Ten Scenes at West Lake.
Located in west of Hangzhou, 5km from the West Lake, Xixi Wetlands is a farmland wetland in the urban area. This is rare in China even in the world. Xixi Wetlands is a network of rivers, together with the Xihu (Chinese pronunciation of West Lake) and Xiling, Xixi wetland is one of three "Xis" of Hangzhou. As an oasis in the urban area, it has been recognized as the first national wetland park in China. It has a Chinese wetland museum and is a national base for environment protection and popular science.
Xixi National Wetland Park is densely crisscrossed with six main watercourses, among which are scattered various ponds, lakes and swamps. Xixi Wetland has a history of more than 1,800 years and an abundant cultural heritage - it's the original site of Chinese Southern Opera; it has a traditional Dragon Boat Race and contains the vivid life of a water village, featuring silkworm feeding and silk production.
The 1,700-kilometer-long Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal is a water conservancy project in ancient China. It begins at Beijing and ends at Hangzhou. First constructed at the end of the Spring and Autumn Period in the 5th century B.C., The Grand Canal has played an important role in the development of water, conservancy and the economic as well as cultural exchange between the northern part and the southern part of China. It has become a distinguishing cultural site.
Different from most rivers in China which flow from west to east, the Grand Canal is a connector between the north and south from the Yangtze River Valley to the northern part, linking Haihe River, Yellow River, Huaihe River, Yangtze River, and Qiantang River. Due to its direction of flow, the Grand Canal played a very important role during the